Oily skin condition is caused by a myriad of reasons (predominantly hereditary) and following these tips you can alleviate the problem.
Oily skin tips: Food and drinks
- Eat balanced food containing all the required macro nutrients (proteins and essential fatty acids) and micro nutrients (minerals and vitamins).
- Eat plenty of fruits, vegetables and fish.
- Drink plenty of water to remove metabolic wastes and toxins. (very important tips)
- Daily one litre of water per one kg of body weight is recommended.
- Whatever food is bad for your health is also bad for your skin.
- Avoid fat rich deep fried foods, fatty meat products and junk food.
- Avoid alcohol as it interferes with absorption and utilisation of nutrients and induces excessive sebaceous gland activity.
- Quit smoking, as smoking cuts down the optimal supply of oxygen to epidermis and induces sebum production.
Oily skin tips: Bath and washing
- Take bath at least once a day, but spend minimal time bathing.
- Use tepid water for bathing and washing.
- Do not use hot water as it can strip your skin of moisture and induce sebum production. (very important tips)
- Very cold water will shock the epidermis and as a response, after sometime, it will start producing more sebum.
- Water with high chlorine content must be avoided for bathing, as chlorine has drying effect on the skin and body's response will be by overproduction of sebum.
Oily skin tips: Soaps
- Use mild soaps and test and select a brand most suitable to your skin.
- Use only neutral or slightly acidic soaps after testing their suitability. (very important tips)
- Avoid harsh, alkaline soaps as they interfere with normal pH (acidic condition) of the epidermis.
Oily skin tips: Scrubbing
- Sebum collects dirt and dust on it and combining dead cell debris, grime is formed and make the epidermis unhygienic. Regular scrubbing is necessary to remove it.
- Exfoliate at least twice a week in order to keep the pores open and healthy.
Oily skin tips: cleansing
- Keep a schedule of cleansing your face twice daily.
- Never miss to cleanse face before going to bed.
- Use cleansers which are mild and made especially for oily skin.
- Cleansers with oily base work better by dissolving the sebum; follow it up with a water based cleanser.
- Harsh cleansers, especially those containing Sodium lauryl sulfate (SLS) tend to dry out the skin and damage the acid mantle and the body responds by producing more sebum.
- It is always better to go in for organic and herbal cleansers.
Oily skin tips: moisturizing
- Moisturizers are not normally required in this skin condition, especially for adolescents and young adults. They can think of moisturization before going to bed after cleansing the skin.
- Aged persons and women nearing menopause tend to have patches of sebum areas along with dry skin. They can use mild moisturizers which are least oily.
>Oily skin tips: toners and astringents
- Toners tighten the pores and reduce the chances of clogging of pores.
- In oily skin condition pores tend to enlarge giving mottled appearance, which can be alleviated by use of toners.
- Avoid harsh toners, especially astringents with alcohol base, as they can dry up the skin and induce further sebum production.
Oily skin tips: blotting
- Now and then you can use blotting paper to remove excess sebum on the face.
- Powder layered blotting papers are more efficient in absorbing sebum. However they may leave a powdery substance on the face.
- Blot powder can also be used to mop up extra grease. However this has to be washed off at the earliest opportunity to protect pores from clogging.
- Facial tissue papers can also be used and prefer those without fragrance to avoid possibility of allergies.
Oily skin tips: Vitamins
- High doses of Pantothenic acid (vitamin B5) have been found to reduce sebum production.
- Vitamin B5 in sufficient quantities regulates the production of androgen (cause of sebum production) by its effect on Coenzyme-A (CoA).
- Vitamin B5 decreases the build up of fatty acids and their excretion through sebaceous glands.
- Use of up to 2 gms of vitamin B5 is recommended. (very important tips)
- However to offset possible stomach upset, it is better to start at 500 mg per day in 2-3 split doses and gradually increase it to 2 gms/day.
Oily skin tips: Medication
- If you are taking any medicine, check up with your health care provider for its effects on the skin.
- Retinoid chemicals reduce the production of sebum and can shrink the size of sebaceous glands.
- Acne medications like, Isotretinoin can help in prevention of sebum production.
- Use of retinoids or isotretinoin must be only under the advice of dermatologists as there can be side effects.
Oily skin tips: make-up
- If you require to wear make-up, make it minimal and use grease free foundation make-up, preferably in the form of powder.
- Make it a point to remove make-up before going to bed to avoid clogging of pores.
- Apply toner and wait for five minutes before applying make-up.
Oily skin tips: sun exposure
- Avoid exposure to sun and heat. Exposure to heat causes excess production of sweat and sebum. (very important tips)
- Tanning bed UV ray exposure also can cause excess sebum production and enlargement of pores.
- Use grease-free sunscreen (at least 15 SPF), if you are required to go out in the sunlight.
Oily skin tips: associated acne problems
- If cleansing of oily skin is not done regularly, the pores may get clogged and result in acne and pimples.
- Steaming (for about 15 minutes) the face daily helps in opening up pores and in removal of black heads.
- After steaming, use cleanser and then apply cold water to close the pores.
- Using cleanser containing salicylic acid, helps in cases of acne breakouts.