Follicular mucinosis is also known as alopecia mucinosa or mucinosis follicularis.
Causes of follicular mucinosisThere are two forms of the follicular disorder. The primary form is idiopathic with unknown cause. The idiopathic form may undergo spontaneous regression and remission within two months to two years. Idiopathic follicularis is usually encountered in children or adolescents and rarely in adults. The secondary mucinosis follicularis form is usually associated with inflammatory skin diseases such as lupus erythematosus and lichen simplex and neoplastic conditions such cutaneous T-cell lymphoma, Hodgkin's disease and mycosis fungoides. The secondary form usually manifests in the adults.
Differential diagnosis of alopecia mucinosaDifferential diagnosis of follicularis condition is necessary to rule out hives, leprosy, eczema, acne, folliculitis, scarring alopecia and other forms of dermatosis.
|Interesting reading: Definition of alopecia | What is alopecia areata | Alopecia areata totalis | Alopecia areata universalis|
Treatment of follicular mucinosisThere are no specific standard treatment for primary alopecia mucinosa. Mucinosis follicularis Treatment with topical, intralesional and systemic corticosteroids show mixed results.
|Interesting reading: Dermis layers | Papillary dermis | Reticular dermis | Hypodermis layer | Keratinocyte cells|
|Interesting reading: Layers of epidermis | Stratum granulosum | Stratum lucidum | Stratum spinosum | Stratum basale | Stratum corneum|
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1.Marie Lewars, Josh Levin, Stephen Purcell. Follicular mucinosis. Indian Dermatol Online J. 2013;Oct-Dec; 4(4): 333–335. doi: 10.4103/2229-5178.120667
2.Rajiv Joshi, Vinay Gopalani. Alopecia Mucinosa Responding to Antileprosy Treatment: Are we Missing Something?. Indian J Dermatol. 2013;May-Jun; 58(3): 227–231. doi: 10.4103/0019-5154.110834.
3.Paola C. Vieira da Rosa Passos, Manuela Ferrasso Zuchi, Andréa Buosi Fabre, and Luis Eduardo A. Machado Martins. Follicular mucinosis - Case report. An Bras Dermatol. 2014;Mar-Apr; 89(2): 337–339. doi: 10.1590/abd1806-4841.20142968
Current topic in the dynamic natural skin care: Causes of alopecia mucinosa and treatment for follicular mucinosis or follicularis.